By Air

Tribhuvan International Airport is the only international airport in Nepal. Royal Nepal Airlines- the national flag carrier of Nepal and other International Airlines operate flights to Kathmandu from Bangkok, Colombo, Calcutta, Delhi, Dhaka, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Karachi, Lhasa, London Osaka, Paris, Moscow, Paro, Singapore and Varanasi. The International Airlines operating their flights into Kathmandu include : Aeroflot, Biman Bangladesh Airiines, China South-West Airlines, Druk Air, lndian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai lnternational.

By land

The entry points at Nepal-India border are; Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belahiya (Bhairahawa), Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, and Mahendra Nagar. The only entry point at Nepal-China border is Kodari.

Road Transport

Kathmandu is connected with India through the fertile plains of the Terai by the most picturesque highways. Visitors are permitted to drive their own cars but their vehicles must possess an international carnet. There are regular bus services to kathmandu from all the border points. The interior parts of the country are also linked with a number of motorable roads. Buses for the different parts of the country are available at the Gongabu bus terminal which is located near Balaju.

Railway Transport

Nepal Janakpur-Jayanager Railway (NJJR) operates afreight and passenger service in the eastern Terai.

Domestic Air Service

The Royal Nepal Airlines operates an extensive network of air service in the interior parts of Nepal. It has scheduled connection flights from Kathmandu to TapIeJung, Bhadrapur, Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phaplu, Lukia, Lamidanda, Tunmlingtar, Rumjatar, Biratnagar, Simra, Janakpur, Ramechhhap, Bharatpur, Meghauli Pokhara, Jomsom, Manang, Baglung, Bhairahawa Nepalgunj Chaurjhahari, Surkhet, Dang, Dolpa, Jumia, Bajura, 8aitadi, Dipayal, Darchula, Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Tikapur and Sanfebagar. Beside Rdyal Nepai Airlines the other domestlc alrllnes such as Nepal Airways, Everest Air, Asian Helicopters, Necon Air, Lumbini Airways and Cosmic Airways also provide regular and charter services to different popular destinations.

Other Transport Arrangements

There are taxi and auto rickshaws (three wheelers) with fare meters in Kathmandu. Motorcycles, bicycles and rickshaws are also available.

Passport and Visa

All visitors to Nepal must hold valid passports and visa. The Royal Nepalese Embassies or consulates abroad or the entry points or the Immigration Offices provide a visa upon the presentation of a valid passport, two passport size photos and a payment of visa fees. Tourists can extend their visas at the Department of Immigration, Tridevi Marg, Kathmandu. Entry Visa to Nepal is easily available at all International Airports of Nepal.

Embarkation and Disembarkation Cards

Tourists are required to fill up disembarkation and embarkation cards upon their arrival and departure.

Currency and Foreign Exchange

The unit of the Nepalese Currency is Rupee. One Nepali Ruppee is made up of 100 paisa. Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000 denominations. Foreign visitors other than the Indian nationals are required to pay their hotel bills and air tickets in foreign currency. However the other payments must always be made in Nepalese currency which can buy at foreign exchange counter at the airport. The foreign currency exchange counters of different banks are also opened at different places in the city. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange. Tourists other than Indian are not allowed to import or export the Indian currency. The rate of exchange of the foreign currencies are determined by the Nepal Rastra Bank and are announced in the press daily. Bank receipts are required for re-exchanging of currency. Nepal currency is not applicable in India.


Banks are open between 10:00 A.M. to 2:30 P M. from Sunday to Thursday and between 10:00 A.M. to 2:30 P M. on Fridays. They are closed on Saturdays and other holidays.

Customs Formalities

All baggages must be declared and cleared through the customs of the port of entry. Personal effect are permitted free entry. The duty on articles brought by the visitor varies according to the volume and value of the goods. A tourist may brlng in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquors, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotic, arms, ammunition are strictly prohibited.

Permit for Trekking

Any foreigner intending to trek in any part of the kingdom of Nepal shall have to obtain a trekking permit from the Department of Immigration, Tridevi Marg and permits are issued for trekking in any part of the country except in areas restricted for the foreigners by government regulation.


Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time.

Official Holiday

Government and most other offices work six days a week.

Working Hours

Government offices open from 10 to 17:00 hrs in summer and till 16:00 hrs. in winter. On Fridays these offices are open till 15:00 hrs. only.

Newspapers and Magazines

The major newspapers in Kathmandu are :

The Rising Nepal (Daily)- English, The Kathmandu Post (Daily)- English Gorkhapatra (Daily)- Nepali, Kantipur (Daily)- Nepali. Besides a number of other newspapers and magazines local and international are also available in the book stalls.

Department of Tourism

His Majesty's the Government of Nepal, Department of Tourism runs information centres at its office and at the following places :

Tourist Police

There is a special provision of Tourist Police Unit to deal with the problems of tourists. One can contact the Department of the Tourism, Bhrikutimandap for the services of tourist police.

Green Channel

Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.


Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film ( 15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.


It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred images, paintings, manuscripts) that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural heritage and belong here. The Department of Archaeology at Ramshah Path near Singha Durbar has to certify all metal statues, sacred paintings and similar objects before they are allowed to be sent or carried out of the country.